Australia Or Oceania?

Australia Or Oceania?

Australia

Australia fom above

Australia is the smallest of the seven continents on Earth.

The first people to discover and settle Australia about 50,000 years ago were the ancestors of the Aboriginal Australians.

The discovery by the Europeans was a long time coming. It was not until 1606 that Dutch and Spanish explorers landed on the continent. In 1770 James Cook, a colorful figure in British colonial history, was in search for the predicted Great South Land. He came across a vast stretch of unknown land when he arrived on the east coast of Australia, and in the usual blunt British fashion, he claimed the territory for the British Crown.

Between 1788 and 1868 the British used Australia as a penal colony. Australia became independent from the UK in several stages, only on the 3rd March 1986, Australia achieved complete independence from Britain.

Oceania

Oceania Political Map

There are a variety of definitions of Oceania. The most plausible is to refer to the vast regions, island territories and adjacent seas in the Pacific Ocean, east of Maritime Southeast Asia and Australia and west of South America.

How many countries are there in Oceania?

There are 14 independent countries and several dependent territories.

Area

Oceania covers an area of approximately 100 million square kilometers, this is about one-fifth of Earth's surface area.

The water-continent includes more than 10,000 islands. With a total land area (excluding Australia, but including Papua New Guinea and New Zealand) of approximately 822,800 km² (317,700 sq mi), it is slightly larger than Turkey or somewhat smaller than half of Alaska.

By far the largest country by area is Australia with 7,692,024 km², followed by Papua New Guinea with 462,840 km² and New Zealand (270,467 km²).

The smallest independent country in Oceania is the island nation of Nauru, it covers an area of 21 km² (8 sq mi).

Countries In Oceania

Country
Population (2020)
Subregiom
Australia
25,499,884
Australia and New Zealand
Papua New Guinea
8,947,024
Melanesia
New Zealand
4,822,233
Australia and New Zealand
Fiji
896,445
Melanesia
Solomon Islands
686,884
Melanesia
Micronesia
548,914
Micronesia
Vanuatu
307,145
Melanesia
Samoa
198,414
Polynesia
Kiribati
119,449
Micronesia
Tonga
105,695
Polynesia
Marshall Islands
59,190
Micronesia
Palau
18,094
Micronesia
Tuvalu
11,792
Polynesia
Nauru
10,824
Micronesia

Other territories

Territory
Population (2020)
Dependency of
New Caledonia
285,498
France
French Polynesia
280,908
France
Guam
168,775
USA
Northern Mariana Islands
57,559
USA
American Samoa
55,191
USA
Cook Islands
17,564
(partly New Zealand)
Wallis & Futuna
11,239
France
Niue
1,626
(partly New Zealand)
Tokelau
1,357
New Zealand

via NationsOnline.org, Worldometers.info

Australia Or Oceania?
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